Chapter A. One - Introduction
This chapter serves to introduce our organization. It defines our mission
which is to keep and maintain an open dialogue between the State and the
citizens and briefly describes our program. The chapter ends with the
assertion of our ultimate goal which is the creation of a social and
economic five year Plan for Lebanon. That Plan should serve to bind
together and focus all the energies of the Nation toward its realization.
Chapter A. Two - Outlook
In this chapter we cast a brief picture of Lebanon’s current economic,
social and financial situation.
Chapter A. Three - Our project
in this chapter we explain the reasons that have brought us to consider
participating with the Authorities and with Civil Society in building a
Lebanese National Social and Economic Development Plan for the period
Chapter A. Four - Site Map
A summary of the contents of the web site
Group 10 - PARTICIPATIVE GOVERNANCE
Several definitions of governance and planning are provided in this
Section Twelve - Merits
governance and how applying it can solve most of the social and economic
problems that affect a country.
Public governance includes the following functions: a) planning, b)approval
of the plan,c) implementation, d)monitoring, e) evaluation. A brief
description of these functions is provided.
Section Fourteen - Adoption of concept
This chapter covers four subjects:
1.- The consequences of marginalizing the citizens in Tunisia and Egypt
2.- Thoughts on the concepts of participative governance and planning.
3.- "From political wont to political will" - considering the application of
participative governance in some countries of Africa and Asia.
4.- A report on participative governance and budgeting by the UN
Economic & Social Council.
Here, we see how one man with a vision ultimately succeeded in making
life better for 170,000 Philippinos by introducing participative governance
in his city.
Section Sixteen - Brazil (Porto Alegre)
“We have the courage to try”. This is how the people of this city of 1.3
million Brazilians describe the process they used to introduce participative
governance in their community and benefited from it. The chapter also
tells how the practice later spread to cover the entire country and
contributed to make Brazil a world economic giant and a leader in
Section Seventeen - South Africa, (1)
Only twenty odd years ago, South Africa was ruled by a white racist regime
that brutally oppressed its black population. Within a few short years,
South Africa, peacefully, won its independence and now leads the entire
continent in democracy and in economic development. How did they do it?
What part did participative governance play in that process? This chapter
attempts to bring some answers to these questions.
Section Eighteen - South Africa, (2)
In this chapter we demonstrate how participative budgeting can help
making daily life better for the citizens, while ensuring that the goals of the
nation’s development and progress are effectively reached.
Section Nineteen - South Africa, (3)
Here, we list up and comment on some of the documents that the South
African Authorities provide to their citizens. The documents serve to
explain, in simple terms, how government works and what benefits the
citizens can derive from that process.
Here we examine the case of the successful application of some of the
principles of participative governance in the municipality of Ghobeiry in
Group 20 - PARTICIPATIVE BUDGETING
Section Twenty one - Definition of participative budgeting
An introduction to budgets and a definition of participative budgeting.
Section Twenty two - Why budget?
The pros for budgeting provided by the International Budget Organization,
a South African institution specialized in world wide promotion of budgeting
and efficient public governance
A list of the members of civil society who should participate in budget
drafting and in budget monitoring.
Section Twenty four - Who should monitor the budget?
Some considerations on budget monitoring and a description of a practical
lived in experience of that process in the Philippines.
Section Twenty five - How to follow up on budgets?
What actions should follow up the monitoring process in Lebanon? What
results can we expect from that process in terms of improved
management of financial resources and a more effective social policy?
Section Twenty six - The make up of the National Budget - the sixty-
six budget heads
In this section we have drawn up a comparative chart of the results of the
yearly receipts and disbursements that were recorded in the National
Budgets for the years 2004 to 2009 inclusively. The results for 2010 were
not made available to us because the Ministry of Finance did not include
any details in its yearly report. We shall ask the new Minister of Finance to
give the necessary instructions to publish the missing information.
A definition of participative planning is provided
The necessity for planning and its advantages to the Nation concerned.
An inclusive list of all the potential contributing members of civil society
who can usefully participate in the drafting of the Plan along with the public
These enlightened citizens should be the ones we shall welcome to take
part in their country’s governance and in planning the reform process. In
that respect, let them take example from the Philippinos, the Brazilians,
the South Africans and the Irish.
The moment that the Civil War ended in Ireland, in 1990, the Authorities of
the Irish Republic decided to draft their first five year Reform Plan and put
into application their vision of a democratic Ireland and their system of
participative governance focused on developing the country’s economy
harmoniously while securing the well being of all the classes of the
population, particularly the children, the elderly, and the disadvantaged
In this chapter we dwell on the striking similarities between the Republic of
Ireland and Lebanon to arrive at the conclusion that what benefited the
former should also work to the advantage of the latter.
Chapter Thirty five – The Irish Plan
Here we introduce and comment upon the fourth Irish National
Development Plan for the period 2011-2015. It is worthwhile to pointing out
that many of the provisions of that Plan are applicable to the conditions in
How to build a Plan. How it was done elsewhere in the world. An example of
a National Agriculture Five Year Plan prepared in Lebanon in 2005 and a
graphical representation of the different stake-holders who contributed to
Group 40 - The planning processes
Chapter Forty one - The planning processes (1- 6)
Collect list of stakeholders, meet with them,allocate the plans to the study
groups, understand the planning concept and undertake the preliminary
studies of the plans (55 days)
Chapter Forty two- The planning processes (7- 9)
Proceed with research and study, compare, evaluate, and discuss data
and information, meet again and amend the results when necessary (72
Chapter Forty three - The planning processes (9 and 10)
Final meeting and discussions between the planning groups and the
Authorities before the Plans are approved by the Government and the
Parliamentary commissions.(23 days)
Group 50 - The public private participation (PPP)
Chapter 51-Definition of PPP, origin and importance.
PPP in Britain, Australia and Canada. Controversy over PPP. PPP for
water and for health. Greenfield and brownfield PPP projects.
Chapter 52 - The Geaudreau environment project in Canada
Chapter 53 - The public private partnership handbook
Chapter 61 - Governance papers
Chapter 71 -0 Projects 24